DNA Timeline, Requirements, and Top Tips

By Lilly Platts, Jackie Atkins, Riley Foster, and Leoma Wells

Everything you need to know about ASA’s DNA Services & more. This is an extended version of the first installment of ‘Down to the Genes’ published in the September 2018 issue of the Register.  This article covers frequently asked questions and offers tips for a smooth DNA process. For additional FAQ’s and information, see the September issue of the Register.

When do I have to DNA test an animal?

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I purchased semen, are those selling semen monitored by ASA to ensure HD/150K testing?

No. Breeders are responsible for completing ASA’s testing requirements. It is strongly suggested that buyers of semen ensure a bull has all required testing prior to purchasing semen and breeding cows.

Do ASA’s genetic defect testing requirements match those put in place by sales management and bull tests?

Not always. Sales managers and bull tests may require additional testing depending on their requirements. It is always best to follow up with the specific sales manager or bull test on the testing requirements prior to ordering DNA kits from ASA to ensure the animal can be sold through that venue.

Do other associations require the same testing?

Each association has different requirements. If a sire/dam is registered with ASA from another breed certificate, additional testing may be required to register progeny. Make sure to contact ASA with any questions prior to progeny being born to avoid delays at registration time.

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Take home message:  Do not delay your DNA testing – order your kits today!

Ten things you can do to ensure a smooth DNA testing process:

  1. Familiarize yourself with ASA’s DNA testing requirements.
  2. First contact the sale, bull test, show, etc., you may participate in to be clear of their DNA requirements.
  3. Order kits early (at least two months before you need results) by contacting the ASA – DNA@simmgene.com or 406-587-4531. Please follow instructions and have all required information before calling.
  4. Use a blood card, TSU, or hair card for collection. NEVER send vials of blood, bags of hair, etc. to the lab.
  5. Follow the instructions for collection included with your kits. Failure to collect the samples properly may result in samples failing testing – watch for more information in the October issue.
  6. If you make a mistake, i.e. collect sample from the wrong animal, etc., do NOT send the sample to the lab. If you do, contact ASA immediately.
  7. Never send kits to the lab without either ordering them for specific animals, or if you have blank kits, always complete paperwork with the DNA department first.
  8. Send samples to the lab as soon as they are ready. Getting them out the door ensures faster processing and less time for paperwork to get mixed up.
  9. Check your email for results.
  10. If you have a question, ASA is happy to help. Please have your membership number and information on the animal you are inquiring about (ASA number, tattoo, etc.).

 

Breeding Season – What You Need to Know

Are you getting ready to send a sire off for collection or flush a donor dam?  Here’s a reminder on what testing needs to be on file with ASA for an animal to qualify as an AI sire/Donor Dam.

DNA-HD logo*Any AI Sire/Donor Dam (including other breed animals and commercial dams)

  • Any animal DNA tested after May 1, 2012, will need to provide proof that the GGP-HD/50K/genomic testing has been completed. If the animal is registered with ASA as a Foundation animal, proof of a genomic panel can be obtained from the primary breed Association if the animal is Angus, Red Angus, Maine-Anjou, Limousin, Gelbvieh or Hereford. If the primary breed Association does not offer a genomic panel, member’s can submit a sample through ASA for GGP-HD analysis.
  • If animal is a Foundation, SNPs/STRs will need to be forwarded from the other breed Association along with the date animal was DNA typed.

*Any AI Sire/Donor Dam (including other breed animals and commercial dams)

  • If the animal was DNA tested prior to May 1, 2012, member’s do not need to provide proof of GGP-HD/genomic testing. Animal will be be approved as AI/Donor Dam based off the date DNA was completed provided by the primary breed Association.

*Any Sire Used to Service a Donor Dam

  • Even if the sire live covers the donor dam, sire is required to meet AI sire requirements in order for ET progeny to be registered.

*TraitTrac Status – Genetic Defect Testing

If a sire or donor dam contains an 1/8 of a suspect breed population and carries a designation of population risk or carrier in lineage for genetic defects, they will need to be tested for each of the defects displaying PR/CL under TraitTrac to prevent progeny holds.  Regardless of the results of the testing, i.e. the animal tests as a carrier, the record will be updated and progeny able to be registered and certificates issued.

To request a DNA kit please see post on Ordering a DNA Kit. Please contact dna@simmgene.com or call the ASA office at 406.587.4531 if you have questions.